GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
The excellence of the Graduate Program in Oceanology (PPGO) is due to the performance and concern of the faculty, since professors coordinate and/or participate in important national and international research projects, which result in a solid infrastructure and significant collaborations that have improved the education of students.
The goal of the Program is:
- Providing professionals with skills to carry out academic and scientific study as well as applied work in the area of Physical, Chemical and Geological Oceanography.
The objectives of the Program are:
- * Expanding and disseminating knowledge on Oceanography and its physical, chemical and geological processes in marine and coastal environments and their interaction with the global ocean;
- * Promoting scientific and operational integration among professionals regarded with Ocean Sciences at FURG, in Brazil and from the international community, thus having Brazil inserted in international forums in the area;
- * Contributing to the regional, national and international development and integration ofEducation Institutions for the Integration of Marine Sciences.
- * Providing professionals with high-level skills to the increasing market demand for specialists in Marine Sciences;
- * Preparing professionals graduated in the Program to contribute and/or take the lead in decisionmaking related to the development and management of the coastal and marine zone.
The Federal University of Rio Grande – FURG plays a role in the field of Oceanography since 1971, with the start of an undergraduate program in Oceanography, the first one inBrazil. This program was acknowledged by the Ministry of Education in 1975, at the same time of the Atlantic Oceanography Base, created by the ambitious“Atlantic Project”. The building of laboratories and acquisition of oceanographic equipment and floating facilities (e.g. South Atlantic Oceanographic Ship and Larus Oceanographic Vessel), along with smaller vessels, were funded by FINEP, a funding agency for studies and projects. Such structure enabled the main goal to be achieved, that was promoting development of Marine Sciences in the estuary and coastal zones in Southern Brazil, period of the highest fishing potential in the entire Brazilian coast.
In 1979, FURG already had a high-level faculty to start a graduate program: the Master’s Degree in Biological Oceanography. In 1992, a Doctoral Program was started in the same area. Since then, several researchers of diverse oceanography areas have been contributing to the potential and development of human resources at the University.
The demand for graduate programs in oceanography, with emphasis in physical, chemical and geological processes, was considerably increased at FURG. In order to meet such demand, in 1996, the Graduate Program in Physical, Chemical and Geological Oceanography was started. The interdisciplinary nature of the Program, whose Master’s Program began in 1997, favored a perspective of major acceptance at the academic and scientific levels.
In 2001, the concept given by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Personnel (CAPES) was level 4, thus showing a clear progress in indicators. One of the stages of such progress led to a recommendation, in December 2003, from the Technical and Scientific Council of Higher Education (CTC-CAPES) to start the Doctoral Degree Program. In 2004, initially with CAPES concept 4, it was approved by the Council of Teaching, Research and Extension of FURG.
In 2008, the University went through a complete reform, resulting in the establishment of the Oceanography Institute (IO). Currently, the Institute is formed by more than 50 professors working in the most diverse areas involving Oceanography. Such human resources develop teaching activities at undergraduate and graduate levels, added to nationally and internationally well-known research and extension activities.
In 2010, the Program reached the CAPES concept 5, considered an excellence level. The Master’s Program had 173 thesis concluded at the first term of 2017, whereas the Doctoral Program had 30 dissertations at the time.
Due to its interdisciplinarity and aiming to broaden its lines of research, in 2019, the program was renamed to the Graduate Program in Oceanology (PPGO).
The current objective of the Program is to achieve CAPES concept 7.
Many factors should be mentioned to justify the high demand and acknowledgement of the Master’s and Doctoral Degrees in Oceanology such as:
- * The tradition and excellence of FURG in Ocean Sciences which renewed itself with the creation of the Oceanographic Institute in 2008;
- * The faculty’s high level of education;
- * The interdisciplinarity of the Program, which involves major areas of oceanography in an original way;
- * The implementation of human resource development programs in environmental studies applied to oil industry;
- * Having pioneering research on Antarctic and high latitude oceanography, thus getting the Program featured among major centers in Brazil;
- * The strong performance in the mostcurrent research lines in global terms, such as climate change studies;
- * Advanced studies on marine, coastal and atmospheric pollution, and ecotoxicology, among others.